Accident Rates
by Category & Generation

Loss Of Control In-flight (LOC-I) accident rates

Flight envelope protection introduced with generation 4 aircraft has helped reduce LOC-I fatal accident rates by 90% compared with generation 3

The generation 4 aircraft have accumulated over 30 years of in-service experience since the A320 first entered into service in 1988. This represents more than 257 million accumulated flights by the end of 2023, which is a strong statistical basis illustrating the significant safety benefit of fly-by-wire enabled and flight-envelope-protected aircraft to address LOC-I accidents. The rate of LOC-I accidents is 90% lower for generation 4 aircraft when compared with generation 3 aircraft.

Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) accident rates

The introduction of glass cockpits, FMS, and TAWS on generation 3 aircraft has helped to reduce the CFIT fatal accident rate by 87% compared with generation 2 aircraft

Technologies to reduce CFIT accidents were introduced progressively with the Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS).

Glass cockpits installed on generation 3 aircraft improved navigation performance due to the introduction of a Flight Management System (FMS) and navigation displays that helped to further reduce the CFIT accident rates.

Runway Excursion (RE) accident rates

Technologies to reduce RE accidents have been available for over 10 years

Most longitudinal RE accidents are related to aircraft energy management. An improvement of RE accident rates should be expected with the introduction of real-time energy and landing performance-based warning systems, such as the Runway Overrun Protection System (ROPS) available for Airbus aircraft. In 2023, the number of aircraft equipped with ROPS has increased to 13% of the worldwide fleet.